The (COP) refers to the United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as the Conference of the Parties (COP). These conferences are organised annually to bring together representatives from various countries to discuss and negotiate actions to address global climate change.
The COP conferences are a crucial part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which is an international treaty aimed at addressing climate change by coordinating efforts among countries. The first COP conference took place in Berlin in 1995, and since then, these conferences have been held annually at different locations around the world.
During the COP conferences, countries discuss and negotiate international agreements, policies, and commitments to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the impacts of climate change, and support developing nations in their efforts. The most well-known outcome of these conferences is the Kyoto Protocol, adopted in 1997, and the Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015. The Paris Agreement is particularly significant as it outlines a global framework for limiting global warming and its impacts.
Each COP conference attracts a range of participants, including government officials, diplomats, environmental organisations, scientists, and other stakeholders. The conferences provide a platform for sharing knowledge, discussing progress, and setting targets for collective action on climate change.