IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change): An intergovernmental body of the United Nations dedicated to researching and advancing knowledge of climate change. Internationally regarded as the leading scientific authority on climate change, and the author of reports that advise policymakers on the impacts of, and solutions to, climate change.
The IPCC stands for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It is an international scientific body established by the United Nations in 1988 to provide a comprehensive and objective assessment of the scientific knowledge, impacts, and potential risks of human-induced climate change. The IPCC plays a crucial role in informing policymakers and the public about the state of the climate system, potential climate impacts, and possible strategies for mitigation and adaptation.
Key features of the IPCC include:
Assessment Reports: The IPCC periodically produces comprehensive assessment reports that summarise the current state of scientific knowledge on climate change. These reports are based on the contributions of thousands of scientists from around the world and provide a synthesis of the latest research findings.
Working Group II: Focuses on the impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability of natural and human systems to climate change.
Working Group III: Examines strategies for mitigating climate change, including options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and transitioning to a more sustainable energy future.
Special Reports and Methodology Reports: In addition to its assessment reports, the IPCC produces special reports that address specific topics or emerging issues in greater depth. The IPCC also develops methodology reports that provide guidance on data collection, analysis, and modelling techniques used in climate research.
Review and Approval Process: The IPCC assessment reports undergo a rigorous peer-review process involving experts and governments. The final reports are approved by member governments, ensuring that the findings have a strong scientific basis and broad international consensus.
Policy Relevance: The IPCC’s assessments provide scientific information to inform climate policies and negotiations at the international level, including those under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The IPCC’s work has contributed to the development of key international agreements, such as the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.
Nobel Peace Prize: In 2007, the IPCC, along with former U.S. Vice President Al Gore, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about human-induced climate change and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change.
The IPCC’s work has been instrumental in raising global awareness about the urgency of addressing climate change and in shaping international discussions and actions to mitigate its impacts. The organisation’s assessments provide a vital foundation for understanding the science of climate change and for making informed decisions to tackle one of the most significant challenges facing humanity.